LNG BUNKERING INFRASTRUCTURE: PETRONET LNG’S KOCHI TERMINAL
ADAPTING EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR LNG BUNKERING
The Kochi case study illustrates how LNG bunkering may evolve outside traditional deep-sea bunkering locations on the back of strategically located bulk LNG infrastructure. It shows how opportunities may be captured by new entrants who are prepared to move quickly and work with experienced bunkering partners, as well as emphasising the importance of effective education and collaboration.
LNG BUNKERING INFRASTRUCTURE: SHIP-TO-SHIP BUNKERING IN THE PORT OF ROTTERDAM
DEALING WITH MARKET UNCERTAINTY
The Port of Rotterdam case study illustrates how important strategic alignment between LNG suppliers, infrastructure providers and ports is to the successful and timely delivery of LNG bunkering. It also shows how market uncertainty demands a proactive approach to risk management, the need to build optionality, and effective communication between partners and stakeholders.
LNG BUNKERING INFRASTRUCTURE: GAS4SEA’S ENGIE ZEEBRUGGE LNG BUNKER VESSEL
MEETING FIRST MOVER CHALLENGES
The ENGIE Zeebrugge LNG bunker vessel case study illustrates the first mover challenges Gas4Sea needed to address to develop LNG bunkering services in North West Europe. These included the design of the bunkering vessel, absence of relevant regulation, the need to create customer confidence, and the lack of understanding in the shipping industry of LNG as a marine fuel. Overcoming these challenges required close collaboration with a variety of stakeholders.
LNG BUNKERING INFRASTRUCTURE: SHORE-TO-SHIP LNG BUNKERING IN JACKSONVILLE
RISK ALLOCATION AND PARTNERSHIPS
Eagle LNG and Crowley Maritime have developed an innovative supply chain for LNG bunkering in the space of two short years. Their success has been based on choosing the right, experienced partners, and the right business models, enabling risks to be shared which is vital in the early stages of market development when infrastructure is scarce.
LNG BUNKERING INFRASTRUCTURE: LNG BUNKERING IN THE PORT OF JACKSONVILLE
BUILDING AN LNG SUPPLY CHAIN FOR THE MARINE SECTOR FROM SCRATCH
In the space of just over three years, Jacksonville has gone from a port with limited experience of LNG, no existing infrastructure, and a relatively small market in marine fuel bunkering, to become the leading LNG bunkering operation in the US and one of the first movers globally. The Jacksonville case study illustrates the importance of a forward-looking anchor customer and strong leadership. This is what provided the catalyst for innovative supply chain investments, with both customer and supply chain collaborating closely with the port, regulatory authorities, local emergency services and communities.